Table of Contents
- 1 Who is Mark Milley?
- 2 Biography, Wiki
- 3 Early life and education
- 4 Military service
- 5 Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman
- 6 Career
- 7 Education
- 8 Wife, Children
- 9 Afghanistan Situation
- 10 Net Worth
- 11 Trivia
Who is Mark Milley?
General Mark Alexander Milley (born June 18, 1958) is a retired general in the United States Army and the twentieth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Mark is the most senior military official in the United States Armed Forces in his current position as Chairman. He recently served as the Army’s 39th Chief of Staff.
Milley was born in Winchester, Massachusetts, and attended Belmont Hill School.
Milley graduated from Princeton University in 1980 with a Bachelor of Arts in legislative studies after completing a 185-page senior thesis titled “A Critical Analysis of Revolutionary Guerrilla Organization in Theory and Practice.”
Milley also holds a Master of Arts degree from Columbia University in international relations and a Master of Arts degree from the Naval War College in national security and vital examinations.
He is also a graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Center for International Studies Seminar XXI National Security Studies Program.
Milley joined National Guardsmen and various police forces amassing in Lafayette Square, across the street from the White House, on June 1, 2020, during fights in Washington, D.C., in the aftermath of George Floyd’s murder.
Minutes later, soldiers and police used nerve gas and other mob control techniques to disperse peaceful protesters, allowing Trump to organize a photograph operation at nearby St. John’s Episcopal Church.
Milley, dressed in his battle uniform, then strolled alongside the president from the White House to the congregation, drawing sharp criticism from previous military officials and others.
Milley would not testify in this manner before Congress regarding the military’s role in responding to conflicts.
Milley stated in a June 11 video recorded as his initiation address to the National Defense University that he should not have attended the event because his quality created an impression of military association in domestic political issues.
|Mark Milley Biography|
|Real Name||Mark Alexander Milley|
|Birth Date||18 June 1958|
|Age (as of 2021)||63 Years|
|Birth Place||Winchester, Massachusetts, United States|
|Profession||United States Army general|
|Height||in feet inches – 5’ 8” – in Centimeters – 172 cm|
|Weight||in Kilograms – 95 kg – in Pounds – 209 lbs|
|Shoe Size||9 (U.S.)|
|School||Belmont Hill School|
|College||Princeton University, Columbia University, Naval War College|
|Who is his wife?||Hollyanne Milley|
Early life and education
Alexander (1924–2015), Milley’s father, enlisted in the United States Navy in March 1943 as a Navy Corpsman.
He served with the 4th Marine Division and made landings on Kwajalein, Saipan, Tinian, and Iwo Jima.
He worked as a restaurateur and food broker following the war.
Milley’s mother, Mary Elizabeth (nee Murphy), was a Navy nurse at a hospital in Seattle.
Milley was born and raised in Winchester, Massachusetts. She attended Belmont Hill School.
Milley earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in politics from Princeton University in 1980 after completing a 185-page senior thesis titled “A Critical Analysis of Revolutionary Guerrilla Organizations in Theory and Practice.”
Milley also holds a Master of Arts degree from Columbia University in international relations and a Master of Arts degree from the Naval War College in national security and strategic studies. He is also a participant in the MIT Center for International Studies’ National Security Studies Seminar XXI.
Milley earned an Armor officer commission in 1980 through Princeton’s Army Reserve Officers’ Training Corps program and spent the majority of his career in Infantry assignments.
Milley’s career has taken him to the 82nd Airborne Division, the 5th Special Forces Group, the 7th Infantry Division, the 2nd Infantry Division, the Joint Readiness Training Center, the 25th Infantry Division, the Joint Staff Operations Staff, and a position as Military Assistant to the Secretary of Defense.
Milley has held a variety of command and staff positions in eight divisions and special forces over the last 39 years, including command of the 1st Battalion, 506th Infantry, 2nd Infantry Division; Milley also commanded the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division (Light) from December 2003 to July 2005, and served as the 101st Airborne Division’s deputy commanding general for operations from July 2007 to July 2008.
From2012 to 2014, he served as commander of the III Corps, headquartered at Fort Hood, Texas, and as commanding general of United States Army Forces Command, headquartered at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, from 2014 to 2015.
On August 14, 2015, he was named Army Chief of Staff.
Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army
Secretary of the Army John M. McHugh administers the oath of office to incoming Army Chief of Staff Mark A. Milley on Aug. 14, 2015, at Summerall Field on Fort Myer, Va.
General Milley outlined his priorities for readiness, the future Army, and troop care in his initial message to the United States Army.
“We must maintain the Army’s readiness as the world’s preeminent combat force.
The US Army’s first priority has always been and will continue to be ready for ground combat.
We will do whatever it takes to create the Army of the future that is agile and adaptive.”
Modernization and reform
Milley concentrated heavily on modernization efforts for the Army during his tenure, which included the establishment of a new command tasked with consolidating the methods used to deliver Army capabilities, similar to the approach taken by US Special Operations Command.
Milley discussed the areas targeted for modernization at the 2017 Association of the United States Army annual meeting, including tanks, aircraft, and weapons.
“Faster results will be achieved…as we transition to a SOCOM-style model of buy, try, decide, and acquire, rather than the current industrial-age linear model, which takes years to establish requirements, decades to test, and may take an inordinate amount of time to go from idea to delivery,” Milley said.
“If we adapt to the changing nature of war and embrace the necessary institutional changes, we will remain the world’s most lethal fighting force for the next seven decades and beyond.
If we do not, the next war will be lost “Milley issued a caution.
The Army announced the formation of the Security Force Assistance Brigades in February 2017.
These permanent units, also known as SFABs, were established at Fort Benning with the primary mission of conducting security cooperation activities and providing rapid response to combatant commander requirements.
General Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, speaks with Milley, the Army’s chief of staff, prior to the 2018 Army-Navy Game in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on Dec. 8, 2018.
While their training would be comparable to that of Special Forces, Milley explained that soldiers in the SFABs would not be classified as Special Forces.
“They will receive training that is similar to that of Special Forces, but they will not be Special Forces.”
Milley explained that these SFABs will be structured around non-commissioned and commissioned officers from infantry brigade combat teams and will focus on training foreign military units in conventional light infantry tactics.
Milley established Army Futures Command in Austin, Texas, in 2018 to leverage the proximity of academic and industrial expertise. Coequal in status to the Army’s three seniormost commands: Army Forces Command, Army Material Command, and Army Training and Doctrine Command, it was one of the most significant reform initiatives undertaken in more than four decades. Apart from developing future warfighting concepts, eight cross-functional teams conducted research to advance the Army’s modernization priorities, which include long-range precision fires, next-generation combat vehicles, air and missile defenses, soldier lethality, synthetic training environments, and future vehicle lift platforms.
Milley also oversaw the rollout of a new Army Combat Fitness Test in 2018.
The new fitness test was created to enhance overall combat readiness by simulating physical tasks and stresses associated with combat. It was scheduled to replace the Army’s 40-year-old fitness test in October 2020.
“We want to ensure that our soldiers are physically fit enough to withstand the rigors of ground combat,” Milley explained. “Combat is not for the faint of heart; it is not for those who are not psychologically resilient, tough, and hardened to the brutality, to the viciousness of it.”
While the ACFT became the standard evaluation for soldiers on Oct. 1, the Army was still working to complete the evaluation by June 2020, according to Sergeant Major of the Army Michael Grinston.
Army leaders were forced to suspend all fitness testing in late March 2020 due to the COVID-19 outbreak, which also suspended the ACFT graduation requirement for new soldiers.
Army Green Service Uniform
General Milley is pictured here with Army Sergeant Major Dan Dailey and soldiers dressed in the proposed “Pinks and Greens” uniform.
Milley and then-Sergeant Major of the Army Dan Dailey began discussing the possibility of reviving the iconic two-tone “Pinks and Greens” uniform in early 2017 to honor World War II’s “greatest generation” of soldiers.
The Army believed that reintroducing the uniform would provide soldiers with a professional uniform that honored the Army’s heritage, would reconnect current soldiers with their service history, would boost pride, would boost recruiting, and would enhance readiness.
According to a fall 2018 Army Times poll, 72 percent of 32,000 respondents indicated they were ready to embrace a new uniform, while 28 percent expressed satisfaction with the current blue Army Service Uniform.
Soldiers expressed concern about the need for an additional uniform as well as the associated costs.
The Army attempted to address this concern in its official rollout announcement on Nov. 11, 2018, by stating that the uniform would be cost-neutral for enlisted soldiers, who would be able to purchase it with their existing annual clothing allowance.
Additionally, the Army stated that the new uniform would be “at no additional cost to the American taxpayer” and would be “made in the United States of America.”
Following an initial testing and evaluation phase with recruiters, senior leaders, and members of the Old Guard and Army Band, the Army was forced to postpone issuing the uniform at entry-level training locations due to COVID-19 production setbacks.
Iraq War study
General Milley with Lieutenant General Danilo Errico, the Italian Army’s chief of staff, at the Pentagon.
Milley was instrumental in determining whether the Army would publish a contentious study on the 2003–2006 Iraq War in 2018.
Milley reportedly decided not to make a decision until he read the two-volume, 1,300-page, 500,000-word document.
Milley also directed that the work be reviewed by an external panel of scholars.
Milley continued to delay publication of the study after the panel returned glowing reviews, including one that described it as “the gold standard in official history.”
In September 2018, Secretary of the Army Mark Esper and other Army officials chose to distance themselves from the study by referring to it as the authors’ “independent” work, rather than a project of the Army’s Operation Iraqi Freedom Study Group.
Milley reversed these decisions in October 2018 after being confronted by a journalist from The Wall Street Journal. He ordered the study to be published officially and with a foreword by himself.
He stated that the study’s authors “did an excellent job,” that the study itself was “a solid work,” and that he intended to publish the study by the holidays (2018).
Within days of this revelation, two House Armed Services Committee members (Reps. Jackie Speier, D-California, and Ruben Gallego, D-Arizona) wrote to Army leaders expressing their outrage at the delay.
Speier stated in a press release accompanying the letter to Milley and Esper, “This is simply the Army’s unwillingness to publicly acknowledge its errors.
Our military, Congress, and the American people deserve nothing less than complete transparency regarding the Army’s lessons learned in order to avoid costly, and all too frequently fatal, mistakes in the past.”
The study, which is divided into two volumes, was published on January 17, 2019.
Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman
Defense Secretary Mark Esper, General Milley, and members of the 101st Airborne Division visit the Bois Jacques to commemorate the Battle of the Bulge’s 75th anniversary.
At Bern, Switzerland, General Milley met with Russian Chief of the General Staff General Valery Gerasimov.
On December 8, 2018, President Donald Trump announced that he would nominate Milley to serve as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, despite the preference of Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis and then-Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman General Joseph Dunford for Air Force Chief of Staff General David L. Goldfein.
Milley was initially considered to succeed Curtis Scaparrotti as commander of the United States European Command and Supreme Allied Commander Europe but was instead nominated for the chairmanship following interviews with Trump.
Milley’s nomination was contentious due to Mattis and Dunford’s preference for Goldfein.
Goldfein would have been the Air Force’s first chairman since 2005 if he had been chosen.
While Mattis and Dunford recommended Goldfein, news reports indicated that Trump chose Milley over Goldfein because the two developed a close relationship during the interview process.
He was sworn in on September 30, 2019, following Senate confirmation (89–1) on July 25.
General Milley in the Situation Room of the White House during the 2019 US military raid on Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
Following his nomination, Milley co-chaired a commission with other American military officials charged with developing a report on the country’s impending near-term climate change impacts.
According to the report, which was released in August 2019, the country and its military would face total collapse within the next two decades as a result of failures in the country’s aging power grid and food supply, as well as an increased risk of infectious disease outbreaks globally.
Additionally, the report discusses the possibility of increased water scarcity in developing countries, which would result in an increase in civil and military conflicts as a result of global food system failure.
Milley met with Russian military chief of staff Valery Gerasimov in Bern, Switzerland, on December 18, following his attendance at the 75th-anniversary commemorations of the Battle of the Bulge in Belgium and Luxembourg on December 16, 2019.
This meeting continued a series of regular meetings between the American and Russian military chiefs that Milley’s predecessor Joseph Dunford reestablished in 2017 to foster open communication and avoid conflict, particularly in Syria.
The face-to-face meeting was facilitated by the newly appointed Swiss Chief of the Armed Forces Korpskommandant (Lieutenant General) Thomas Süssli.
Milley’s image was used in pro-Trump political advertisements during Trump’s re-election campaign.
Milley stated that he did not consent to his appearance in the advertisements.
Members of the uniformed services are prohibited from participating in political campaigns (see also Hatch Act and DODD 1344.10).
In June 2021, the Associated Press reported that at least 1,900 US military firearms had been lost or stolen.
The majority of stolen firearms originated with the Army; some were discovered in the possession of a gang member and were believed to have been sold by the firearms thieves.
Milley, according to reports, was shocked when he learned of the scandal and stated that he would consider a more systematic approach to the military’s firearms tracking.
However, some claim that Milley exaggerated the report of 1,900 military firearms lost or stolen.
Soon after the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan began, the Taliban launched an offensive against the Afghan government, rapidly advancing in front of a collapsing Afghan Armed Forces; a US intelligence report predicted that the Afghan government would likely collapse within six months of NATO’s withdrawal.
Milley reported on July 21, 2021, that half of Afghanistan’s districts were under Taliban control and that momentum was “sort of” on the Taliban’s side.
Milley, dressed in a combat uniform, walks alongside Trump as he is escorted from the White House to St. John’s Episcopal Church on June 1, 2020, during the Black Lives Matter Protest on Lafayette Square.
The photograph sparked outrage due to the fact that it depicted military involvement in politics.
Milley joined National Guardsmen and various police forces assembling in Lafayette Square, across the street from the White House, on June 1, 2020, during protests in Washington, D.C. in response to the murder of George Floyd.
Minutes later, troops and police dispersed protestors with tear gas and other riot control measures.
Milley, dressed in combat uniform, walked alongside the president from the White House to the church about a half-hour later, drawing sharp rebukes from former military officers and others.
Milley later refused to testify before Congress about the military’s response to the protests.
He reportedly considered resigning in the aftermath of the incident but chose to address it in a video recorded as his commencement address to the National Defense University.
Milley stated in that speech, which was streamed on June 11, that he should not have attended the event because his presence created an impression of military meddling in domestic politics.
Milley testified before Congress about the military’s role in the George Floyd protests in July 2020.
Milley garnered attention on June 23, 2021, when he informed Florida Republican Congressman Matt Gaetz that he discovered it “I find it offensive” that the United States military is being dubbed “woke” for including “critical race theory” in its West Point curriculum; “I want to understand white rage – and I am white.
What motivated thousands of people to attack this structure and attempt to overturn the United States of America’s Constitution? “he continued.
On June 30, 2021, former President Trump, who appointed Milley as Chair, called for his resignation, implying that he was unwilling to “defend [the US military] against Leftist Radicals who despise [the United States] and [its flag].”
This followed Milley’s defense of studying a diverse range of ideas, including the politically contentious critical race theory, and news reports that Milley and Trump got into an argument over military involvement in the 2020-2021 US race protests.
Previously, Trump denied the incident and charged Milley with fabricating it.
Events after 2020 presidential election
Milley and Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin greet General “Scott” Miller at Joint Base Andrews on July 14, 2021, as part of the 2021 Afghanistan withdrawal.
Milley and the Joint Chiefs of Staff issued a statement on January 12, 2021, condemning the violent storming of the United States Capitol by Trump supporters and reminding all service members of their obligation to support and defend the Constitution and oppose extremism.
“As we have done throughout our history, the United States military will obey lawful civilian leadership, assist civilian authorities in protecting lives and property, ensure public safety in accordance with the law, and remain fully committed to protecting and defending the United States Constitution against all enemies, foreign and domestic,” they stated.
Milley, Joe Biden, Kamala Harris, and Lloyd Austin, Secretary of Defense, February 10, 2021
Milley stated in an interview on April 2, 2021, regarding the January 6, 2021 incident, that the military’s reaction and response were “sprint speed” and “super fast.”
However, some, including House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, questioned his statement, as it appeared to contradict events surrounding the Capitol riot on January 6.
After Trump lost his reelection bid in November 2020, he and his allies took unprecedented steps to overturn the outcome, foreshadowing the violent siege of the US Capitol.
According to I Alone Can Fix It, a July 2021 book written by Washington Post reporters Philip Rucker and Carol Leonnig, Milley became concerned that Trump was plotting a coup and held informal discussions with his deputies about possible countermeasures, telling associates, “They may attempt, but they will fucking fail.
This cannot be accomplished without the military.
This cannot be accomplished without the assistance of the CIA and the FBI.
We are the armed men.”
Milley was also quoted in the book as saying “this is a Reichstag moment,” comparing Trump’s efforts to overturn the election to the event that helped cement Nazi rule in Germany and referring to Trump’s false claims about electoral fraud as “the Führer’s gospel.”
Milley reportedly told police and military officials tasked with securing Joe Biden’s inauguration, “We’re going to stop these guys, whether you’re a cop or a soldier, to ensure a peaceful transfer of power.
We’re going to erect a steel ring around this city to keep the Nazis out.”
Trump later rebuked media reports that Milley feared he would plot a coup, calling the general “one of the last people I would want to do [a coup] with” and claiming that he appointed Milley to the JCS chair solely to oppose former Defense Secretary Jim Mattis and former President Barack Obama, both of whom Trump despised.
Trump also falsely claimed that Obama fired Milley as CENTCOM commander (Obama actually fired Mattis).
2021 Taliban offensive and fall of Kabul
President Joe Biden meets with the National Security Council on August 18, 2021, to discuss the fall of Kabul.
Milley came under fire for his role in the planning of the American troop’s withdrawal from Afghanistan.
Following the withdrawal, the Taliban launched an offensive to destabilize the Afghan government in Kabul.
The city was eventually besieged by the Taliban and fell to them on August 15, 2021, causing widespread panic among Afghan citizens fleeing the country, particularly those who assisted the US occupation.
Thousands of Afghan citizens rushed into Kabul Airport in a desperate attempt to flee the city, with some attempting to grab onto a military transport as it took off, only to perish moments later.
Milley later denied knowing about Kabul’s impending fall or having seen intelligence indicating the Taliban’s position was stronger than previously believed.
As a result of the botched withdrawal, a number of elected officials, including Utah’s 2nd District Congressman Chris Stewart, Kentucky’s 6th District Congressman Andy Barr, and Ohio’s 6th District Congressman Bill Johnson, demanded that Milley resign and admit responsibility for the failure that resulted in the chaos that followed the Fall of Kabul.
Milley was also instrumental in arranging for then-President Donald Trump to hold future peace talks with the Taliban at Camp David.
Milley appeared to suggest, however, following President Joe Biden’s inauguration, that leaving Afghanistan would be a mistake and would likely result in Taliban takeover, casting doubt on the Taliban’s ability to unite with the Afghan government led by President Ashraf Ghani.
Milley was criticized in an opinion piece in The New York Post for making contradictory decisions during two different administrations, supporting peace talks with the Taliban during one and then opposing them during the next.
On August 26, 2021, following the suicide bombing at Kabul International Airport that killed 183 people, including 13 US service members, 11 Marines, 1 soldier, and 1 Navy Corpsman, pressure on Milley to resign immediately intensified, particularly among lawmakers, including Senator Josh Hawley and Marsha Backburton.
Milley was accused of being incompetent for failing to provide accurate advice and information to the National Security Council regarding the current situation in Afghanistan, which resulted in the Kabul International Airport bombing incident.
Some even compared the incident to the 1993 Mogadishu, Somalia, incident that claimed the lives of 19 US service members.
General Mark A. Milley is the 20th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the nation’s highest-ranking military officer, and the President’s, Secretary of Defense’s, and National Security Council’s principal military advisor.
General Milley was the 39th Chief of Staff of the United States Army before becoming Chairman on October 1, 2019.
General Milley, a native of Massachusetts, graduated from Princeton University in 1980, where he received his commission through Army ROTC.
Throughout the last 39 years, General Milley has held numerous command and staff positions in eight divisions and Special Forces, including command of the 1st Battalion, 506th Infantry, 2nd Infantry Division; the 2nd Brigade, 10th Mountain Division; Deputy Commanding General, 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault); Commanding General, 10th Mountain Division; Commanding General, III Corps; and Commanding General, III Corps.
General Milley served as the Commanding General of the III Corps, as well as the Commanding General of the International Security Assistance Force Joint Command and the Deputy Commanding General of US Forces in Afghanistan.
General Milley’s other joint assignments include the Joint Staff operations directorate and the position of Military Assistant to the Secretary of Defense.
General Milley has served in the Multi-National Force and Observers in Sinai, Egypt; Operation Just Cause in Panama; Operation Uphold Democracy in Haiti; Operation Joint Endeavor in Bosnia and Herzegovina; Operation Iraqi Freedom in Iraq; and three tours in Afghanistan during Operation Enduring Freedom.
He was also sent to Somalia and Colombia.
General Milley holds a bachelor’s degree in political science from Princeton University, a master’s degree in international relations from Columbia University, and a certificate in national security and strategic studies from the United States Naval War College.
He also holds a diploma from the MIT Seminar XXI National Security Studies Program.
General Milley and his wife, Hollyanne, have two children and have been married for more than 34 years.
Milley initially warned President Biden and the National Security Council that withdrawing American forces from Afghanistan risked the re-emergence of the Taliban.
The Biden administration, on the other hand, ignored it and proceeded with the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan, with the final troops set to leave after the Afghan government took over Bagram Airbase.
Following the withdrawal of US troops, the Taliban launched a campaign to overthrow the Afghan government and capital the following month.
As a result, the Taliban besieged and took control of Kabul, Afghanistan’s capital, causing widespread panic and confusion among Afghans, particularly those who had previously collaborated with US officials and attempted to flee the country.
Thousands of Afghans flooded Kabul Airport in a desperate attempt to flee the city, and the incident drew worldwide attention.
Milley, who advised the Biden administration on the risks and dangers of withdrawing troops from Afghanistan, later stated that he was unaware of any intelligence reports indicating that the Taliban could take over Afghanistan’s capital city of Kabul in 11 days.
Many people are questioning Milley’s decision to withdraw US troops from Afghanistan, especially since he previously stated that doing so would be risky, sparking a debate.
Some officials, such as Utah’s 2nd District Congressman Chris Stewart, have called for Milley to resign and accept responsibility for the chaos that followed Kabul’s fall on August 15, 2021.
General Mark Alexander Milley has a net worth of $2,000,000, which he earned entirely through his hard work and dedication as a US Army general. He is a self-motivated individual who strives to improve himself.
- Despite claims by authorities that they have been warning for months about a Taliban takeover in Afghanistan, US commander in Afghanistan General Mark Milley insists he was unaware of any intelligence assessments indicating the Afghan military and government would disintegrate in just 11 days.
- Mark Milley has come under fire for his role in preparing for the US military’s withdrawal from Afghanistan.
- Milley established Army Futures Command in 2018 in Austin, Texas, to leverage local academic and industry expertise.
- Milley was also in charge of the newly implemented Army Combat Fitness Test in 2018.
- In February 2017, the Army announced the formation of the Security Force Assistance Brigades.
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