Eggs are a versatile and protein-rich food enjoyed by people around the world. However, you may find yourself wondering about the safety of consuming eggs after the sell-by date has passed. In this article, we’ll explore how long eggs can actually last after the sell-by date and discuss some essential guidelines for determining their freshness and edibility.

Understanding Egg Dating

Eggs are often labeled with various dates, including the “sell-by,” “use-by,” or “best-by” date. These dates are provided by manufacturers to help retailers manage stock rotation and ensure that consumers have access to fresh products. The sell-by date is typically a date set by the producer or distributor, and it indicates the last day the store should sell the eggs.

The Myth of Freshness

One common misconception is that eggs become unsafe to eat immediately after the sell-by date has passed. In reality, eggs can remain fresh and safe for consumption well beyond this date, provided they are handled and stored correctly.

How Long Do Eggs Last After the Sell-By Date?

The actual shelf life of eggs depends on how they are stored and handled. Here are some guidelines to help you determine the freshness and safety of eggs:

The Float Test: One simple method to check the freshness of an egg is the float test. Fill a bowl with water and gently place the egg in it. Fresh eggs will sink and lie flat on the bottom, while older but still safe-to-eat eggs will stand on one end on the bottom. If the egg floats to the top, it’s best to discard it, as it may have gone bad.

The Sniff Test: Fresh eggs have a neutral, almost odorless scent. If you detect a strong, unpleasant, or sulfurous odor when cracking an egg, it’s a sign that it has spoiled and should not be consumed.

Visual Inspection: Inspect the egg visually. Fresh eggs have a clear, thick white and a round, firm yolk. If the white is runny or the yolk is flat, the egg may be past its prime. However, this doesn’t necessarily mean it’s unsafe to eat.

Check for Cracks: Eggs with cracks or visible damage should be discarded, as bacteria can enter through these openings.

Refrigeration: Storing eggs in the refrigerator at a consistent temperature of around 40°F (4.4°C) can extend their freshness. This is especially important after the sell-by date.

Use Within a Reasonable Time: Even if eggs are well past the sell-by date, they can still be safe to eat if properly stored. However, it’s recommended to consume them within 3-5 weeks of the sell-by date for optimal quality.


Eggs are a nutritious and versatile food that can often be enjoyed safely even after the sell-by date has passed. By following the guidelines outlined above, you can determine the freshness and safety of your eggs with confidence. Proper storage and handling are key to extending the shelf life of eggs, allowing you to minimize food waste and make the most of this kitchen staple.